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Optometry and common eye problems

Optometry and common eye problems

To know the symptoms of common eye conditions can help you to prevent an initially minor problem from becoming a major health issue. Some eye conditions can be indicators of deeper, underlying health problems.  It is therefore essential that you have regular general health checks, as well as regular eye tests to ensure a healthy lifestyle.

Below is a summary of common eye conditions. These are just a few of the common conditions that can affect almost anyone, but any injury to any part of the eye area or eye-related condition should be checked at your optometrist or ophthalmologist to prevent any long-term damage.



The optical term for more than one point of focus. The condition occurs when the surface of the cornea or crystalline lens is not spherical.




Inflammation of the eyelids. There are two types: Anterior blepharitis and posterior blepharitis.



A clouding of the clear crystalline lens inside the eye. Cataracts are typically more common in people over 65.



An inflammation of the conjunctiva. The conjunctiva is the thin layer that covers the white of the eye and the inside of the eyelids.



Can lead to a condition called Diabetic Retinopathy and other eye problems, which can ultimately lead to blindness if not diagnosed and treated early.

Dry eye

dry eye

A condition caused by the eyes not producing enough tears, or producing tears of a poor quality, leading to gritty, uncomfortable eyes.

Flashes & Floaters

dry eye

Dots or specks most noticeable when looking at a white background.



A group of diseases characterised by progressive damage to the optic nerve head, sometimes due to raised pressure within the eye.

Macular Degeneration

macular degeneration

Results in a loss of vision in the centre of the visual field because of damage to the retina.


myopia & hypermetropia

Often referred to as short and long sightedness – two of the most common eye defects



Describes the condition where the eye exhibits a progressively diminished ability to focus on near objects.


dry eye

A rare form of cancer which generally affects children under 5 years old. It is treatable but if signs are noticed they must be checked out quickly.


Ocular misalignment due to muscle deviations.


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